A raised-bed garden should be 3 to 4 feet wide so you can access it from both sides without stepping in the bed. You can mound 6 inches of soil without a frame, but a deeper bed needs more support. Concrete blocks, pressure-treated landscape timbers, composite lumber, stone and naturally rot-resistant lumber such as redwood or cedar are all candidates for raised-bed construction. Avoid railroad ties and chemically treated lumber.
Concrete Block Advantages
Concrete blocks are affordable and durable. In fact, if you're resourceful, you may even be able to find them for free. You don't need mortar or footings if your raised bed is less than 2 feet high. Since concrete blocks are modular, it's easy to build a simple rectangle or an L-shaped corner garden. And, unlike using wood, you won't need any power saws or hand tools to shape your bed. The holes in the top of the blocks can be filled with soil and used as planters to contain plants that might be invasive, such as mint. The holes can also hold support structures in place for fencing or row covers.
Concrete Block Disadvantages
The Oregon State University Extension reports that some concrete blocks may leach lime into the soil over time. While not harmful to humans, the additional lime may alter the acidity of your raised bed. Monitor the pH of your soil if you suspect that you have a problem. In fact, it's good to get your soil tested periodically anyway to ensure the best growing conditions for your plants. Concrete blocks are also heavy to transport. Depending upon the dimensions of your blocks, they may weigh between 25 and 40 lbs. Make sure you choose the location of your garden wisely so you don't have to move it later.
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