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Summer Garden - July To-Do List

source: Sow True


  • Start seeds indoors for heading cold crops for your fall garden now. Direct sow, radish, carrots, beets, turnips, and kale, in mid-July through August.

  • Dig potatoes after vines have died.

  • Harvest vegetables such as beans, peas, squash, cucumbers and okra regularly to prolong production and enjoy peak freshness.

  • There is still time to plant heat loving field peas, lima beans, and asparagus beans

  • Watch the leaves of your tomato plants for signs of leaf spot diseases.

  • Continue monitoring for pest insects talked about in the May task list.

  • Keep deadheading flowers as needed to prolong the bloom season.

  • Flowering requires lots of energy so it can be quite helpful to fertilize flowering annual plants once flowering begins. Fertilize one more time before the end of the season.

  • Seeds can continue to be sown throughout July for late crops of beets, bush beans, carrots, chard, summer spinach, cucumbers, and summer squash. Cover with pre-moistened potting soil mix which will not be so likely to crust and crack. To hold in the moisture, cover the rows with a very thin layer of mulch or floating row cover fabric.

  • A garden needs one inch of rain or water each week. Early morning is the best time to water. Evening watering is less desirable because plant leaves that remain wet through the night are more susceptible to fungus diseases. Mulch plants to reduce water losses and improve yields.

  • Harvest onions and garlic as the tops dry and fall over. Braid garlic tops and hang in a cool, dry place. Cut onion tops back to 1" and dry thoroughly before storing. Use any damaged produce immediately.

  • Check the soil moisture of container grown vegetables and flowers daily. As the temperature rises, some plants may need water twice a day.

  • Water vegetable gardens deeply as needed.

  • Pinch herbs like basil, mint, oregano, and savory to promote bushy growth.

  • Prepare beds for fall crops by sowing them now with a cover crop of fast-growing field peas or other legumes

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